Foster Care Youth Trapped in the School to Prison Pipeline

Foster care alumni abandoned by the educational system often become the inmates at youth detention centers and adult prisons across the country. They are the experts on what needs to change in order to create more equitable outcomes and opportunities for vulnerable populations. These orphaned inmates are the ones who could drive the creation of new methodologies, curriculum and policies to decrease risks while increasing protective factors.

foster careEducation reform is one of the foremost civil rights issue of our day, and at the heart of the dilemma is a set of very simple questions. Why do we not utilize evidence base practices that will have far-reaching benefits in establishing a foundation for better life outcomes? Why do we not create solutions that create benefit the poor?  The answers to these questions are chilling, downright cowardly, and unpatriotic. The American society is afraid of change.

A 2011 survey reported that 13 percent of all foster children run away at least once, and another 9 percent abandon their foster homes to live with friends. When 22 percent of any child population flees the system which adults have provided to keep them safe, something is wrong. These youth may have insights the rest of us fail to see. Studies show foster care is a highway to health problems, homelessness, early pregnancy, arrest, incarceration, and sex trafficking. And those are the lucky kids. Foster care alumni are five times more likely to commit suicide and eight times more likely to be hospitalized for a serious psychiatric disorder. – Stir Journal

For moral, social and economic reasons, it is in the public interest to assure that an array of  supports be put in place to help support foster alumni develop a strong family structure which is paramount to sustaining future successful outcomes. A primary marker for the healthy development of  young families is a solid home life which can anchor children right from the start while benefiting society overall. A basic premise of sociology is the interconnectedness of  society to the community and community to  family. Healthy families mean strong communities, and strong communities increase the functioning of society as a whole.

Education is more than a pedagogic issue, it is a basic human right as well as society’s collective responsibility to ensure that everyone has access to a quality education. Currently, the issues  related to education and its impact on the most vulnerable are a matter of national security. As evidence, the United States prison system is a direct reflection of the failures of our education system. The future of our society lies within the margins of the discarded, the poor, and the orphaned in this country.

There is no greater work more urgent, more exhausting, and more spiritually rewarding than helping to create opportunities to engage, inspire and ignite foster care alumni. Many of whom have had a lifetime legacy of being impoverished, ignored, as well as unwanted. Together, the economically fragile and advocates, can create a new reality of hope and global opportunities of economic and social mobility.

While our nation, and specifically Massachusetts, has made considerable progress in child welfare, social service delivery systems, and  education, we  must not  lose sight of the challenges ahead.  We must be purposeful in ensuring foster care alumni receive needed supports while in  placement as well as opportunities for advancement post placement in order to elevate their social  mobility and educational opportunities.

Target Practice On The Mentally Ill: The Death of Miriam Carey

by Mike Tikkanen


America seems to own the market of mistreating people with mental health problems.  Whether Tasering 12 year olds in Chicago or shooting disturbed people in just about any circumstance, we just don’t seem to care enough to make health services available to stop the carnage. When it is your family or friend that is visited by violence or other forms of insanity, the sensation is unbelievably painful. Miriam Carey was led to rest after a high speed chase with United States Capitol Police which ultimately resulted in her death.

According to,

About 90 people gathered at a chapel in Brooklyn on Tuesday morning to say their last goodbyes to Stamford resident Miriam Carey, nearly two weeks after she was shot to death by law enforcement officers during a high-speed chase in Washington D.C.

Speakers at the funeral painted a picture of her life and personality.

The 34-year-old single mother was a generous, loving sister — one of five — who was a passionate, fun-loving cook who made meals for an extended family in Brooklyn that she considered the most important part of her life, Amy Carey-Jones, one of her sisters, told mourners.  Read Full Article

Miriam Carey died after being shot by police following a car chase between the White House and the US Capitol building. Carey is reported to have tried to ram through barricades at the White House, hitting at least one officer as well as a squad car. She then drove her vehicle into barriers in front of the Hart Senate Building before being fatally shot by law enforcement officers. She was unarmed. A child identified as her daughter — a little more than one year old — was in the car the whole time.

News outlets reported that Carey had a history of traumatic brain injury and postpartum depression, the latter of which may have been severe enough to send her to the hospital at some point in the past year. Nobody knows what, if any, effect this may have had on what happened yesterday. But it’s led to plenty of speculation, and the spread of bad information that stigmatizes women suffering from an incredibly common mental illness.

For instance, on NBC’s Today Show, psychologist Jennifer Hartstein declared that “postpartum depression (PPD) has led mothers to kill their children” — a statement that conflates PPD with a different disorder AND overstates the risk that other disorder poses to kids.

As you reflect on this event, keep the following facts in mind:

1. Postpartum depression is a spectrum and it affects a lot of women 
It’s not entirely clear exactly how many women get postpartum depression. Partly, that’s because there’s not a universal screening system in place (we’ll talk more about that in a minute) and partly it’s because depression isn’t a binary on-off switch kind of thing. It’s a collection of symptoms. If you have enough of the symptoms for long enough (and you have a personal support system and financial/healthcare access to back it up) you’ll get diagnosed. But there’s a lot of grey area — especially considering the fact that caring for a newborn can be incredibly exhausting, isolating, anxiety inducing, and all-around stressful. On the low end of the spectrum, you might just feel a little overwhelmed and sad for a couple weeks. At the high end, you could be having problems that interfere with work and relationships for months. A survey done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that between 8 and 19 percent of women reported frequent symptoms of postpartum depression. But as many as 75 percent of new mothers experience milder “baby blues”.

Postpartum depression isn’t some super-rare disorder that only affects mythical “other people”. It’s common enough that you could even consider it part of the range of normal human experience following the birth of a child. That doesn’t mean women with postpartum depression should just “suck it up” or anything like that. It simply means that PPD is real and it’s not something you brought on yourself. Most importantly, it’s not something you should feel embarrassed or ashamed about having, any more than a new mother would feel ashamed of, say, having torn her perineum during labor. (Oh, and men get it, too.)

2. Postpartum depression is different from postpartum psychosis 
The average woman with postpartum depression does not have hallucinations. A very small minority, however, experience a much more serious disorder called postpartum psychosis, which can cause you to hear, see, or smell things that aren’t there (as well as causing paranoia, mania, or catatonic states). Only about 1 in 1000 women get postpartum psychosis and their symptoms tend to kick in quickly, often within a couple of days after birth. Postpartum depression, on the other hand, can occur up to a year after the birth of a baby. These are very different disorders. As different as depression is different from severe bipolar disorder. If you conflate the two, you’re going to miss very real cases of postpartum depression and you’re likely to blame events (like, say, a young mother leading cops on a car chase through Washington DC) on postpartum depression when other forces are at work.

It’s also worth noting that even women with postpartum psychosis shouldn’t be thought of as flailingly irrational and inherently dangerous to the people around them. Neither postpartum depression nor postpartum psychosis can be described as making you want to kill your children. The biggest risk for women with postpartum psychosis is that they will kill themselves, not their kids or anyone else.

3. For such a common disorder, screening and treatment of postpartum depression aren’t handled very well
Only 15 percent of women who meet the criteria for having postpartum depression get treated for it. That’s a big deal because, while some people’s symptoms lessen over time, you can’t rely on postpartum depression just going away on its own. In fact, it can get worse. Again, you can be a year out from having a baby and still be struggling with the effects of postpartum depression. And there’s no reason that should happen to anyone. Between medication and therapy, this is a very treatable illness. It’s something that you absolutely can make better. But it takes having access to financial and healthcare resources necessary to receive treatment. And it takes getting diagnosed in the first place, which isn’t always easy.

There’s still a lot of misinformation out there, and the doctors that postpartum women are most likely to deal with on a regular basis are pediatricians who aren’t well-trained in spotting it. On the other hand, at least the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends doctors screen all new their new moms. The same can’t be said for the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. So, even if you have insurance, there’s a decent chance of falling through the cracks when it comes to diagnosis especially if you don’t immediately recognize the symptoms in yourself, or if your doctor is inclined to write those symptoms off as “no big deal”.

Some resources
• Postpartum Progress — a blog and community with lots of great information and support
• Postpartum Support International — which will help you connect with local treatment, diagnosis, and support options.

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